BrewingTechniques

TABLE I.
Recommended maximum concentrations of metals in water.
Metal Concentration (ppm)
Iron 0.05
Manganese 0.1
Copper 0.1
Zinc 0.5
Potassium 10.0
Chlorine 0.1
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TABLE II.
Salts used in water treatment.
Chemical Name Common Name
CaSO4*2H20 Gypsum
CaCI2*2H2O Calcium chloride
CaCO3 Calcium carbonate
MgSO4*7H2O Epsom salts
NaCl Sodium chloride (not table salt)
HCl Hydrochloric acid (0.1 M)
H3PO4 Phosphoric acid (0.1 M)
HLactate Lactic acid (0.1 M)
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TABLE III.
Some classic brewing waters.*
Type
Calcium
Carbonate
Sulfate
Magnesium
Sodium
Chloride
Burton
275
260
450
40
25
35
Dortmund**
225
180
120
40
60
60
Dublin
120
125
55
5
12
20
Edinburgh
120
225
140
25
55
65
London
90
125
40
5
15
20
Munich
75
150
10
18
2
2
Pilsen
7
15
5
2
2
5
Vienna**
200
150
125
60
8
12
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*All concentrations are given in ppm
**These are difficult to match because the calcium is so high relative to the carbonate, sulfate, and chloride present.






















TABLE IV.
Cell names and equations for calculations.
-Cell- -Name- -Represents-
F7 GAL Volume of water needed (in gallons)
F8 DF Dilution factor (range of 0.0-1.0)
F16 CS Calcium sulfate added (in grams)
F17 CL Calcium chloride added (in grams)
F18 CC Calcium carbonate added (in grams)
F19 MS Magnesium sulfate added (in grams)
F20 NL Sodium chloride added (in grams)
F21 HCL Hydrochloric acid added (milliliters of 0.1 M)
F22 HP Phosphoric acid added (milliliters of 0.1 M)
F23 HLAC Lactic acid added (milliliters of 0.1 M)

-Cell-

 

-Equation-
F9   =GAL*(1-DF)
F10   =GAL*DF
C16   =B16*(1-DF); Copy this equation down through C21
E16   =ROUND(264.2*(0.232*CS+0.272*CL+0.4*CC)/GAL,1)
E17   =ROUND((264.2*0.6*CC-0.7926*(HCL+1.5*HP+HLAC))/GAL,1)
E18   =ROUND(264.2*(0.558*CS+0.39*MS)/GAL,1)
E19   =ROUND(264.2*0.099*MS/GAL,1)
E20   =ROUND(264.2*0.3934*NL/GAL,1)
E21   =ROUND((264.2*(0.483*CL+0.607*NL)+0.936*HCL)/GAL,1)
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