BrewingTechniques
Table I: Methods of sanitization and sterilization.
Method Concentration of
Active Ingred.
Temperature
(F/C)
Contact Time
(min)
Effective Against
Live Bacteria 
Effective Against
Spores 
Boiling heat >175/80 15-30 + -
Autoclave/
pressure cooker
heat 250/121 15-30 + +
Dry heat/
Oven
heat 350/177 60-180 + +
Incinerator heat >700/370 <0.1 + +
UV radiation 400 W/cm2   10-30 + +/-
Detergent 1% (v/v)   5-30 +/- -
Chlorine 0.01-5% (v/v)   10-30 + +
Alcohol 70-85% (v/v)   10-30 + -

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